Sir Edmund Andros is best known to Connecticut residents for being appointed governor of the short-lived “Dominion of New England” in the 1680s, and seizing (or attempting to seize) the royal charter that allowed Connecticut to operate its own government. The document indices from the King Philip’s War period (the 1670s) indicate, however, that he was not popular here at that time, either, though he was only governor of New York, and to some extent tried to help out with the war. Considering what he was getting up to early on, it’s not surprising that they didn’t trust him:
Meeting July 8. Major Andross had appeared at Saybrook with 2 sloops and some forces. Directions to Mr. Robert Chapman + Capt. Thomas Bull at Saybrook, exhibiting a spirit of firmness and fearlessness.
Letter from Gen. Court of Connecticut (by John Allen Sec’y) to Gov. Leverett of Massachusetts, regarding the Indian War, Maj. Andross at Saybrook, +c. July 9, 1675.
Meeting, July 14, Major Andross had gone from Saybrook. Some of the forces to be released.
Meeting, July 22, Orders growing out of Major Andross’ demands + claims. Maj. Robert Thompson requested to aid in London.
“Narrative of the rights and settlements of the people of Connecticut,” +c. (Major Andross claimed for the duke of York, all West of Connecticut river.)
Letters from Major Pynchon; from New Haven; from others in regard to Major Andross’ designs on Saybrook.
Letter from Gov. Andross of New York to D. Gov. Leete, giving an Indian’s story of a confederacy among the Indians, to attack Hartford and other places, “this light moon,” Oct. 10, 1675.
Letter from Gov. Andross to D. Gov. Leete, professing his willingness to do his duty &c. in this Indian war, “though slighted and rejected.” Oct. 17, 1675.
Letter from Gov. Andross, giving information that Philip and 400 or 500 Indians had come within 40 or 50 miles of Albany, to winter. Jan. 6, 1675-6.
Letter from the Council to Gov. Andross, urging the destruction of Philip and his Indians by the Mohawks, +c.
Mills frozen up; Letter to Major Andross; Letter to Gov. Winslow about the army. Jan. 13, 1675-6.
Letter from Gov. Andross to Dep. Governor Leete, in reply to the letter of Jan. 13: and containing some severe animadversions. Jan. 20, 1675-6.
(An animadversion, as you might expect from how it sounds, is a censorious remark.)
Letter of Sec’y Allyn to Gov. Andross, in reference to his animadversions, in his letter of Jan. 20th. Jan. 31, 1675-6.
Letter from Gov. Andross to the Governor +c. of Connecticut, in regard to marching Christians + Indians from that province into Connecticut. Feb. 4, 1675-6.
Letter from Secretary Allyn in reply to Gov. Andross’s letter of Feb. 4. Feb. 10, 1675-6.
Letter from the same to the same, requesting to know what assistance may be expected from him +c. March 7, 1675-6.
Letter from Secretary Allyn to Governor Andross, about hostile Indians who have fled to the Mohawks; also a request for liberty to pass up the river to treat with the Mohawks. Some severe remarks on Gov. Andross’s conduct. March 19, 1675-6.
Letters and messengers are sent to Gov. Andross at Newyork, for the purpose of engaging the Mohawks against our Indian enemies. April 1, 1676.
Letter from Samuel Willis and William Pitkin to Gov. Andros: And Gov. Andros’ Reply. In reference to the hostile Indians; and the Maquas and “Sinnekes.” April 10, 1676.
Letter from Gov. Andross to the Council of Connecticut Minutes of the Council of New York. April 23, 1676.
Letter from Gov. Andross at Albany, in regard to the movements of the Maquas &c. July 5, 1676.
Letter to the military officers at Northampton, Hadley and Hatfield, respecting 300 Maquas going out, as stated by Major Andross. July 10, 1676.
North Indians have fled from about Westlfield towards “housetunack,” and towards Sopus. Letter to Major Andross about these Indians. July 20, 1676.
Letter from Secretary Allyn to Gov. Andross, giving him notice that a large party of Indians are proceeding from near Westfield towards Hudson’s river, &c. July 20, 1676.
Letter from Gov. Andross in reply to the preceding from Mr. Allyn. July 26, 1676.
Letter from Gov. Andross in reply to that of Mr. Allyn of Aug. 19, with some complaint against the latter. Aug. 25, 1676.
Letter from Secretary Allyn to Gov. Andross, respecting his letter of Aug. 25 (above). Aug. 31, 1676.
Treaty with the Mohawks, by the aid of Gov. Andross is in agitation. Orders of Council. Oct. 6, 1676.
Letter to Major Andross, about the hostile Indians who have fled to that province; about treating with the Maquas, and concerning friendly Indians captured by the Maquas. M. 19, 1676-7.
Letter from Secretary to Gov. Andross, stating that John Pynchon from Massachusetts and James Richards from Connecticut will proceed to Albany, &c. April 10, 1677.
Letter to Major Andross by a Dutchman. Aug. 4, 1677.
Letter to Major Andross, about the assault [at Hatfield and Deerfield, MA]. Sept. 24, 1677.
Letter from Gov. Andross, giving notice of his going to England. Oct. 6, 1677.
Letter from Gov. Andross after his return from England, respecting the late act of the Maquas &c. Dated 7ber 10th 1678. That is, Sept. 10, 1678.
Letter from Secretary Allyn to Gov. Andross in reply to his of Sept. 25; it is concerning the captive Naticks. Oct. 9, 1678.
Letter from Sec. Allyn to Gov. Andross of New York desiring his aid to release the praying Natick Indians, carried away by the Mohawks or Maquas. Oct. 29, 1678.
Letter from Sir Edmund Andross, Governor &c. in reply to letters from Mr. Allyn, about the captives. (Gov. Andross seems not in good humor.) Nov. 18, 1678.